In early 2020, an expert from Factum Foundation, in collaboration with Factum Arte, recorded an 18th-century bell owned by Mercedes Morénes on her property near Salamanca, Spain, using white-light scanning and photogrammetry. The data was used to create a 3D model, which was 3D-printed at Hobs 3D, London and then cast at Pangolin Editions, Gloucestershire: the analysis of the 3D data opens new possibilities for bell casting and the application of machine learning technologies to increase quality and reduce waste.
The original bell near Salamanca, being recorded by Otto Lowe using close-range photogrammetry © Factum Foundation
The original bell near Salamanca, being recorded using close-range photogrammetry © Factum Foundation
Wax positive made from a rubber mould for ceramic shell investment © Pangolin Editions
Preparing the 3D print for vacuum moulding and casting © Pangolin Editions
The bell being invested in ceramic shell © Pangolin Editions
The vacuum-cast process resulted in a perfect bell with only minimal surface cleaning required © Pangolin Editions
We are very grateful to Rungwe Kingdon at Pangolin Editions for his deep knowledge and willingness to experiment to give the art of casting bells a dynamic and viable future.