San Baudelio de Berlanga

Casillas de Berlanga, 2016

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Columbia University´s graduate course taught by Adam Lowe and Carlos Bayod Preservation Technology focused its 2016 fieldwork on architectural heritage and digital preservation. During the course of the semester, the students explored advanced technologies of digital preservation technologies and their application in fieldwork. The students were trained in using 3D scanning, photogrammetry and printing technologies and proposed an experimental preservation treatment for the Chapel of San Baudelio in Casillas de Berlanga.

The Lucida 3D Scanner was employed at The Met Cloisters for recording fragments of the IX century wall paintings of the mozarab church of San Baudelio

Carlos Bayod explaining the process of recording wall paintings at The Met Cloisters

Factum Foundation's Gabriel Scarpa carrying out color composite photography of the same fresco fragment

The 11th-century Chapel of Mozarabic influences is considered one of the best examples of Sorian pre-Romanesque architecture. Most of the fresco paintings that once decorated the interior walls were removed in 1926, transferred to canvas, and sent to various museums in the US and Spain.

Trained in using different recording systems, the students carried out high-resolution 3D and colour recordings of the Chapel in Casillas de Berlanga in Spain and digitized three frescoes preserved at The Met in New York. The colour and surface relief of the wall paintings at The Met Cloisters were recorded with the Lucida 3D Scanner and composite photography in September 2016 while the Chapel of San Baudelio was recorded using a Lidar Scanner and photogrammetry in October 2016.

The students digitally reassembled the data of the recorded fragments and proposed an arrangement of the panels within the Chapel. They informed their approaches using primary sources and research on materials and techniques.

The data recorded at the Chapel of San Baudelio was used to create a 3D model of the building's interior

The students practiced recording with photogrammetry and a Lidar scanner at the Chapel of San Baudelio

The data recorded by the students was processed to create 3D models

The goal of the training was for students to explore the potential of non-contact digital technologies in documenting, studying and preserving cultural heritage.

The students presented an exhibition at the GSAPP campus explaining the recording process and re-materialization techniques

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