News


total_registros:17
Digital and physical reconstruction of the vandalised sacred cave of Kamukuwaká
Digital and physical reconstruction of the vandalised sacred cave of Kamukuwaká

The cave of Kamukuwaká, an important sacred petroglyph site representing the cosmogony of the inhabitants of Upper-Xingu (Mato Grosso, Brasil) and registered national monument has been intentionally destroyed. Culture is under threat and digitisation of Cultural Heritage is the most effective way to monitor its condition.

The data captured from this trip was combined with photographic documentation dating from before the attack to produce an entire 3D recreation of the cave. The Wauja have been working with the team in Factum to ensure the digital recreation is perfect and that the petroglyphs are correct. The digital restoration is now complete, and the physical reconstruction of the cave is currently underway. This will lead to the creation of a physical reconstruction of the cave, at a scale of 1:1.

Learn more.

Short video.


<i>Madame de Pompadour in the Frame</i>: An exhibition at Waddesdon Manor
Madame de Pompadour in the Frame: An exhibition at Waddesdon Manor

Factum Foundation are delighted to be collaborating with the Rothschild Foundation at Waddesdon Manor on a forthcoming exhibition exploring the new perspectives which facsimiles can provide on existing works of art.

The exhibition will centre around two facsimiles produced by Factum of works depicting Madame de Pompadour, the erudite and powerful mistress of Louis XV, by Francois Boucher; one being his monumental famous 1756 portrait, now displayed at Alte Pinakothek in Munich, and the other a small oil sketch held at Waddeston. A combination of the Lucida 3D scanner and panoramic photography were utilised to record both the fine surface relief and colour of the canvas'.

The facsimiles will be presented at Waddesdon in an exhibition, organised by Factum Foundation and Waddesdon Manor and designed by Skene Catling de la Peña. Running from May to October 2019, this will allow visitors to examine the facsimiles and explore the process of making them; they will be accompanied by objects and images relating to the paintings from Waddesdon’s superlative 18th century collections.

Further information on both the facsimiles and the exhibition can be found here.


Scanning the <i>Mappa Turchesca</i>
Scanning the Mappa Turchesca

Factum Foundation has recorded the cherry-wood printing blocks (matrices) of the 16th-century “Mappa Turchesca”, in an ARCHiVe project undertaken together with two students from the Università Iuav di Venezia (IUAV). The heart-shaped map, now in the Biblioteca Marciana in Venice, has text in both Arabic and Ottoman Turkish, and was probably designed by Venetian cartographers for sale to Ottoman buyers. The recording will allow damaged portions of the map to be digitally restored and printed in 3D.

Mario Costa and Fabio Martinello, who have interned at ARCHiVe in Venice and Factum Foundation in Madrid, conducted comparative tests between different recording techniques: photogrammetry, laser scanning, and Factum’s Lucida scanner. They determined that the most accurate data was that provided by the Lucida scanner. Having scanned the map with Factum’s help, they will process this data to digitally restore the matrices, allowing the creation of digital and physical versions without the marks of decay which make it hard to decipher the surface of the original.

While the Ottoman Turkish text around the map claims that it is the work of a slave from Tunis called Hajji Ahmed, the distinctively European heart shape and several errors in the Ottoman Turkish and in the Arabic used for the place-names make it likely that the map was a fully Venetian production – albeit an extraordinary testament to the complex ways links between Venetian and Ottoman empires in a period of great trans-Mediterranean trade and connectivity.

More details on the recording process can be found here.


Training at Stoppelaëre House
Training at Stoppelaëre House

Factum Foundation is proud to announce the beginning of the training programme at Stoppelaëre House, at the entrance of the Valley of the Kings. Entirely funded by the Factum Foundation thanks to generous donations, this landmark building was fully restored by the Tarek Waly Centre for Architecture and Heritage, in collaboration with Factum.

In February 2017, Stoppelaëre House was formally opened by Khaled El Enany, the Minister of Antiquities and Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO. Stoppelaëre House is at the core of the Theban Necropolis Preservation Initiative. The inauguration brought attention to TNPI as a real innovator in the field of heritage management and sustainable tourism.

The 3D Scanning, Training and Archiving Centre is being run by Aliaa Ismail. Aliaa and the first two fully trained operators, Abdel Raheem Ghaba and Mahmoud Salem have started the training of Amany Hassan Mohamed Ahmed and Mahmoud Abdullah Attalh Mohamed, selected from 26 applicants proposed by the Ministry of Antiquities.

The training will be carried out throughout a period of six months and will ensure the transfer of the skills necessary for digital preservation, such as high-resolution 3D scanning, close-range photogrammetry, composite colour photography, data processing and archiving.

The development of local skills and economy is vital for the recording and preservation of cultural heritage. Factum Foundation needs financial support to fulfill its mission to safeguard the tombs of the Theban Necropolis through the application of new digital technologies, and the creation of exact facsimiles of tombs that are now either closed to the public for conservation or in need of closure to preserve them for future generations.


Back to Work in Luxor
Back to Work in Luxor

Factum Foundation are pleased to announce that work is now restarting in the tomb of Seti I, a critical step in completing one of the central goals of the Theban Necropolis Preservation Initiative: to record and re-materialise the entire ancient site.

The recording of the Hall of Beauties, as well as a part of the main Burial Chamber and adjacent rooms, was completed in 2016. This resulted in the creation of an exact facsimile from the scanned data, exhibited at the Antikenmuseum in Basel in 2017-2018.

The partnership between Factum Foundation and the University of Basel, working under the supervision of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, aims to safeguard the tombs of the Theban Necropolis through the direct application of digital technologies and the transfer of skills and equipment to a local team.

The recording phase, mainly funded by the Factum Foundation with the generous help of international donors, is an essential step towards the long-term preservation of the site while promoting sustainable tourism in the region.


Canova's Equestrian Statue
Canova's Equestrian Statue

Following the success of the maquette recording of Canova's equestrian statue at the Museo Civico di Bassano del Grappa and under the initiative of Chiara Casarin, the director of the museum, Factum Foundation embarked on a much more ambitious project: to create a digital model of the horse from a 3-metre equestrian statue of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, the plaster prototype for which was made by Canova shortly before his death and finished - with many alterations - by his pupil Antonio Calì in 1827. Until the 1950s, the plaster sculpture was a focal point of the museum’s collection, but it was subsequently broken up to allow for the construction of a new lecture hall, with the parts stored in a local palazzo.

Most sections of the statue were scanned using a Breuckmann white light scanner, while fragments which required more complex surface mapping, such as the head and tail, were recorded using photogrammetry. The entire scanning project took two weeks.

Back in Madrid, the processed data was used to digitally restore the horse from the various fragments. To get an idea of how the pieces fit together, scaled versions were 3D printed and assembled manually. Once it was known how the pieces fitted together, the parts were reassembled digitally to create a 3D model. The model was 3D printed to allow the rematerialisation of the horse at a scale of 1:10, cast in bronze.


Digitising Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Digitising Bartolomé Esteban Murillo

In 2017, Factum Foundation documented two paintings by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo at the Hermandad de la Santa Caridad in Seville: the Miracle of the multiplication of the bread and fishes and Moses and the water from the rock of Horeb. The paintings, which had been removed from their usual locations high up on the walls of the Hermandad for conservation by the Instituto Andaluz de Patrimonio Histórico (IAPH), were recorded using the Lucida scanner and composite photography, whilst their frames were recorded using photogrammetry.

High resolution colour reproductions have been made from the data at a 1:1 scale; these will be displayed in the Hermandad de la Santa Caridad in a setting which will allow visitors to examine these magnificent works at close range.

Further information on the project can be found here.


Rembrandt's 'Portrait of an Old Man'
Rembrandt's 'Portrait of an Old Man'

Factum Foundation has collaborated with Océ - A Canon Company and the Mauritshuis Museum in the recording and reproduction of Rembrandt's Portrait of an Elderly Man (1667).

With 2019 marking the 350th anniversary of the Dutch Master's death, we are joining efforts to demonstrate how new technologies for non-contact digitisation and elevated printing can contribute to the preservation, study and dissemination of one of the artist's most notable works.

This project consisted of recording the original painting's relief and colour, carried out by a Factum Foundation team in The Hague. Both data sets were then used by Océ to create an exact 3D reproduction. More information on this process can be found here, whilst the high-resolution scan of the painting can be viewed in detail on our homepage.


'The Ladies Waldegrave', Sir Joshua Reynolds (1780)
'The Ladies Waldegrave', Sir Joshua Reynolds (1780)

Factum Foundation recorded the painting in the galleries of the Scottish National Gallery with the canvas unframed and mounted on an easel to facilitate the work. The central section of the canvas was recorded with the Lucida scanner to obtain a high resolution model of the surface texture, and the entire surface was recorded using photogrammetry.

The use of both technologies was a strategy which combined the respective advantages of each method: close correspondence to surface texture and speed in the capture process. The painting’s frame was recorded using photogrammetry. The exact facsimiles of the painting and the frame will be sent to Strawberry Hill House in the next few days, as part of Factum's ongoing effort to recreate the original splendor of Walpole's home and collection.

Another project recently carried out is the digitisation and production of an exact facsimile of Wenzel Jamnitzer's bell.


Save the Whitechapel Bell Foundry
Save the Whitechapel Bell Foundry

We need your help!

The Whitechapel Bell Foundry was the oldest continuous manufacturing business in Great Britain until its closure in 2017, a history of traditional bell casting that stretched back almost 450 years to 1570, counting Big Ben and the Liberty Bell amongst its extraordinary legacy.

Sold to Raycliff Capital due to financial pressure in an industry on the decline in the modern age, the US property developers have submitted plans to turn the historic foundry into a ‘bell-themed boutique hotel’; a complete disregard for the rich heritage of one of the UK’s finest cultural and historical assets, and for its rightful function as a bell foundry. More details on this shameful proposal can be found here.

Factum Foundation have partnered with the United Kingdom Historic Preservation Trust on a plan to re-open the foundry, re-equipped for the production of bells and art casting once again, which can be read in full here. You can help save the Whitechapel Bell Foundry by taking a moment to submit an objection to the boutique hotel proposal to the Tower Hamlets council. Information on how to do so can be found here.


Art UK Sculpture launch
Art UK Sculpture launch

Factum Foundation is collaborating with Art UK in their endeavour to catalogue the UK’s national sculpture collection. Although the cataloguing is primarily focused on the photographic documentation of approximately 170,000 works, Factum Foundation’s involvement will see this expanded to include specific 3D documentation projects as well.

Towards this end, in November 2018 three photographers from Art UK visited Madrid to receive photogrammetry training over a five-day period. During this time, the trainees were instructed in how to record and process 3D data. The next stage of the project will be to conduct a joint recording project in the UK with a team from Factum Foundation working with the trainees to document sculptures.

Their current database can be found on the Art UK website here.


The 'Virgen de las Nieves' of La Palma
The 'Virgen de las Nieves' of La Palma

In February 2019, the facsimile of a terracotta icon of the ‘Virgin de las Nieves’ produced by Factum Arte, alongside a protective shell for the original, was officially inaugurated and presented by the governing council to the people of La Palma, the most north-westerly island of the Canary archipelago. Every five years, this small figure of the Virgin Mary is at the centre of the Fiestas Lustrales de la Bajada, a deeply traditional celebration involving the island’s patron saint being taken from its display as the Royal Sanctuary’s altar centrepiece into the capital Santa Cruz de la Palma, whereby it is publicly adored.

The council commissioned the construction of a facsimile which was in turn used to create the protective shell; this was formed in fireproof epoxy resin and glass fibre tissue together with a soft inner and frontal padding to provide complete protection for the icon.

This project has been essential to not only ensuring the long-term survival of the figure itself but also the continuation of this passionate expression of veneration by the people of La Palma.


Bando Lucida 2019, presented by Open Care and Factum Foundation
Bando Lucida 2019, presented by Open Care and Factum Foundation

On the 29th January, Factum Foundation co-hosted the Open Care conference alongside the Italian art restoration experts at their Milanese laboratory, marking the second edition of the Bando Lucida initiative. This scheme aimed to return a deteriorated work of art to public use through supporting its restoration as assisted by Factum’s Lucida 3D Scanner, with the selection of the endangered piece carried out by an independent specialist committee; the previous winner, the Angelo Annunciante by Gaudenzio Ferrari, was presented in its restored state at the conference. This restoration process that took place at Open Care was explored alongside a series of talks, including one by Guendalina Damone from Factum’s Lucida Lab Milano.

Find more details about the event here.

© Open Care - Servizi per l'Arte


The Lucida Lab Milano recording J. B. Jackson's Chiaroscuro woodcuts
The Lucida Lab Milano recording J. B. Jackson's Chiaroscuro woodcuts

A team from the Lucida Lab Milano started the recording of J. B. Jackson's Chiaroscuro woodcuts, in Palazzo Sturm, Bassano del Grappa's Civic Museum. Palazzo Sturm is one of the few museums in Italy dedicated to showing every aspect of Remondini’s industrial process within the 16th and 17th centuries as well as the phases in the production of books, decorated papers, religious and popular print makings, games, optical views, etchings and woodcuts.

Read more about the Lucida Lab Milano.


Final Review session for the Advanced Preservation Technology Studio at Columbia University
Final Review session for the Advanced Preservation Technology Studio at Columbia University

In 2018, Adam Lowe and Carlos Bayod's course within GSAPP 's Studio on Advanced Preservation Technology programme, at Columbia University, was based on the application of non-contact digital recording systems within the frame of a fieldwork project: the documentation of the great Casa de Pilatos in Seville.

During an intensive 3-day session in October, the students carried out the recording of a selection of art and architecture elements throughout the building. The students had the opportunity to receive on-site training by scanning specialists from Factum Foundation, working in groups so as to obtain high quality information on the current conservation state of the palace.

The obtained data was processed by the students with the aim of generating virtual and physical outputs that could ultimately contribute to the appreciation and dissemination of Casa de Pilatos. During the final review that took place in December, the students presented their research on the conservation of tiles in Casa Pilatos. On this occasion, several renders, multi-layered online browsers, Océ elevated prints 3D models and milled relief prototypes were displayed at the University, along with the video made during the recording session in Seville.


The Re-Opening of the Cast Courts at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London
The Re-Opening of the Cast Courts at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London

The Cast Courts at the V&A reopened this November following a long refurbishment.
Factum Foundation, in collaboration with the Peri Foundation and with the support of the Dagestan aul museum (Makhachkala), has created a copy of an 18th century tombstone from the remote mountain village of Kala-Koreysh, Dagestan. The tombstone was recorded using photogrammetry – a photographic 3D recording technique that can result in high-resolution data – and digitally carved in limestone to produce a beautiful object with material correspondence to the original.
When they first opened in 1873, the purpose of the Cast Courts was to display accurate copies of architectural and sculptural masterpieces from around the world. Over the course of the 20th century, the casts also acquired significant conservation value when a number of the original objects were lost or damaged. However, cast making has long been considered a destructive technique itself, and in the 21st century new non-contact technologies are finding their way into the Cast Courts.

Photo © courtesy of the Victoria & Albert Museum


Photogrammetry Training at Al-Ula
Photogrammetry Training at Al-Ula

In September 2018, Factum Foundation’s Otto Lowe spent two weeks in the town of Al-Ula, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, teaching a group of fifteen locals how to record cultural heritage in 3D using photogrammetry. A collaborative pilot project between the Factum Foundation, Art Jameel, and the Royal Commission of Al-Ula (RCU), the local students were first taught of the core concepts and technical processes behind photogrammetry then were able to practically apply this knowledge to the recording of three different petroglyph sites in the vicinity of Al-Ula. This educative initiative is one of the most significant in Factum Foundation’s recent efforts to support the dissemination of digital recording skills and technologies across Saudi Arabia.

Read more about it here.


© Copyright 2019 Factum Foundation | Privacy & Cookie Policies

This website uses cookies to improve your experience online. By using our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. To find out more, read our Privacy & Cookie Policies. Close